Breed standard



NECK

Very strong, muscular, almost cylindrical. The skin is supple, ample and loose. The average circumference almost equals that of the head. It is separated from the head by a slightly accentuated transversal furrow, slightly curved. Its upper edge is slightly convex. The well defined dewlap starts at the level of the throat forming folds down to the chest, without hanging exaggeratedly. The neck, very broad at its base, merges smoothly with the shoulders.

BODY


  • Topline:

    Solid with a broad and muscular back, withers well marked, broad loin, rather short and solid, rump moderately sloping down to the root of the tail.

  • Croup:

    Moderately sloping down to the root of the tail.

  • Chest:

    Powerful, long, deep, broad, let down lower than the elbows. Broad and powerful breast whose lower line (inter-axillae) is convex towards the bottom. Ribs well let down and well sprung but not barrel shaped. The circumference of the chest must be between 0,25 to 0,30 m greater than the height at the withers.

  • Underline:

    Curved, from the deep brisket to the rather tucked up, firm abdomen, being neither pendulous nor whippety.

TAIL

Very thick at the base. Its tip preferably reaching the hock and not below. Carried low, it is neither broken nor kinked but supple. Hanging when the dog is in repose, generally rising by 90° to 120° from that position when the dog is in action, without curving over the back or being curled.

LIMBS


  • Forequarters:

    Strong bone structure, legs very muscular.

  • Shoulders:

    Powerful, prominent muscles. Slant of shoulder-blade medium (about 45o to the horizontal), angle of the scapular-humeral articulation a little more than 90°.

  • Arms:

    Very muscular.

  • Elbows:

    In the axis of the body, neither too close to the thoracic wall nor turned out.

  • Forearms:

    Viewed from the front, straight or inclining slightly inwards thus getting closer to the median plane, especially in dogs with a very broad chest. Viewed in profile, vertical.

  • Metacarpial region:

    Powerful. Viewed in profile, slightly sloping. Viewed from the front sometimes slightly outwards thus compensating for the slight inclination of the forearm inwards.

  • Feet:

    Strong. Toes tight, nails curved and strong, pads well developed and supple : the dogue is well up on his toes despite his weight.

  • Hindquarters:

    Robust legs with strong bone structure; well angulated. When viewed from behind the hindquarters are parallel and vertical thus giving an impression of power even though the hindquarters are not quite as broad as the forequarters.

  • Thigh:

    Very developed and thick with visible muscles.

  • Stifle:

    In a parallel plane to the median plane or slightly out.

  • Second Thigh:

    Relatively short, muscled, descending low.

  • Hock:

    Short, sinewy, angle of the hock joint moderately open.

  • Metatarsus:

    Robust, no dewclaws.

  • Hindfeet:

    Slightly longer than the front feet, toes tight.