Breed standard


Quite supple for a molossoid. When walking the movement is free, supple, close to the ground. Good drive from the hindquarters, good extension of the forelegs, especially when trotting, which is the preferred gait. When the trot quickens, the head tends to drop, the topline inclines towards the front, and the front feet get closer to the median plane while striding out with a long reaching movement of the front legs. Short gallop with vertical movement rather important. Capable of great speed over short distances by bolting along close to the ground.


Thick and sufficiently loose fitting.


Fine, short and soft to the touch.

  • Coat:

    Self-coloured, in all shades of fawn, from mahogany to isabella. A good pigmentation is desirable. Limited white patches are permissible on the chest and the extremities of the limbs.


  • Black mask:

    The mask is often only slightly spread out and must not invade the cranial region. There may be slight black shading on the skull, ears, neck and top of body. The nose is then black.

  • Brown mask:

    (used to be called red or bistre) The nose is then brown; the eyerims are also brown.

  • No mask:

    The coat is fawn : the skin appears red (also formerly called "red mask"). The nose is then reddish or pink.


Height should more or less correspond to the perimeter of the skull. Dogs : 60-68 cm at the withers - Bitches : 58-66 cm at the withers. 1 cm under and 2 cm over will be tolerated. Dogs : at least 50 kg - Bitches : at least 45 kg.


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.


  • Hyper aggressive, timid
  • Head short and round with protruding eyes
  • Hypertypical bulldoggy : flat skull, muzzle measuring less than a quarter of the total length of the head
  • Important lateral deviation of the lower jaw
  • Incisors constantly visible when the mouth is closed
  • Arched back
  • Fused but not deviated vertebrae of the tail
  • Forefeet turning inwards (even slightly)
  • Forefeet turning outwards too much
  • Flat thighs
  • Angle of the hock too open (straight angulation)
  • Angle of the hock too closed, dog standing under himself behind
  • Cow hocks or barrel hocks
  • Stilted movement or serious rolling of rear
  • Excessive shortness of breath, rasping
  • White on tip of tail or on the front part of the forelegs, above the carpus and the tarsus


  • Long, narrow head with insufficiently pronounced stop, with a muzzle measuring more than a third of the total length of the head (lack of type in head)
  • Muzzle parallel to the top line of the skull or downfaced, Roman nose
  • Twisted jaw
  • Mouth not undershot
  • Canines constantly visible when the mouth is closed
  • Tongue constantly hanging out when the mouth is closed
  • Tail knotted and lateraly deviated or twisted (screw tail, kink tail)
  • Atrophied tail
  • Fiddle front with splay feet
  • Angle of the hock open towards the rear (tarsal deviated towards the front)
  • White on the head or body, any other colour of the coat than fawn
  • Identifiable disabling defect